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HyperTension / High Blood Pressure


Hyper tension or High Blood Pressure is the medical term used to describe the Pressure of blood in the arteries  is Elevated, Blood pressure is classified based on the Systolic and Diastolic , where as Systolic is  called as Pumping PressureDiastolic is called as Resting Pressure.

The Blood pressure is measured with the help of Sphygmomanometer where the inflated cuff is wrapped around the arm; the cuff is then inflated until the artery is completely occluded. Listening with a stethoscope to brachial artery at the elbow & slowly releasing the pressure in the cuff. As the pressure in the cuffs falls a “Whooshing” sound is heard when blood flow first starts again in the artery. The pressure at which this sound began is noted and recorded as the systolic blood pressure. The cuff pressure is further released until the sound can no longer be heard. This is recorded as the diastolic blood pressure.  

The result is recorded in the numbers as millimeters of mercury {mm Hg}.

The normal or the Ideal Blood Pressure should be 120/80 mm Hg,

Whereas 120 mm Hg stands for Systolic (Pumping Pressure) &

80mm Hg Stands for Diastolic (Resting Pressure).

Now a days there are Digital Blood Pressure Monitors

What is the Cause for High Blood Pressure?

·        Stress (Emotional Stress /Anxiety / Depression)

·        Lack of Physical Activity

·        Smoking

·        Alcohol

·        Obesity

·        High Cholesterol

·        Genetic (Family History of HTN)

·        Salt 

Diet & Exercise to control High Blood Pressure ?

  Avoid Salt (Sodium)

  Avoid Pickles

  Avoid Processed Meats

  Avoid Salty Snacks 


·        Take More servings of fruits & green vegetables regularly

·        Walk (Brisk walking) for at least 30 – 60 minutes per day

·         Regular exercise with more physical activities for the body

·         Consume low fat dairy products

·        Consume food which is rich with omega 3 fatty acids


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:

There are no such major symptoms, mild symptoms may be like

·        Headache

·        Chest Pain

·        Nausea & Dizziness

·        Blur Vision

·        Confusion

·        Variations in Heart Beat

·        Fatigue 

Consult your physician for a regular check up !  


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The contents of this site / Blog are for informational purposes only. 

They are  not meant to be a substitute for professional advice . 

Please Consult your family physician for Advice /Treatment .

HyperTension / High Blood Pressure Reviewed by B Thirunavukkarasu on Saturday, September 11, 2010 Rating: 5

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